Johann Sebastian Bach has been called the “Fifth Evangelist”, ranking with the apostles: Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, because his music touches the soul in a way that the spoken word cannot. He took Martin Luther’s promotion of congregational singing and the chorale to a higher level. For Bach, music had one purpose: “The aim and final end of all music should be none other than the glory of God and the refreshment of the soul.” His vast number of church cantatas speak to the struggle of the Christian life and the hope of eternal life and bliss with the loving Shepherd.
Bach had a voracious appetite for studying music in his youth. He was able to master the harpsichord, organ and violin and learned how to compose music at an early age. Imagine a young man walking 250 miles to hear an organ concert in a church where the esteemed organist, Dietrich Buxtehude, is so impressed that he offers his daughter in marriage and his own job. His lifelong musical journey took him from Eisenach to Leipzig where he was employed as the music director for four churches.
The BBC has produced an excellent documentary film on the history of Bach and his music. Here are six video clips, which cover the most significant impact on sacred music by the world’s greatest composer. Your understanding of Bach will never be the same after you watch these clips.